This is definitely one of the most important Catholic buildings in the world. It takes its place in the City of Vatican. It is the smallest country in the world by population and area. The St. Peter’s Basilica itself is very large though. The numbers speak eloquently. The length of St. Peter’s Basilica is more than 185 meters. Tha vault is 44 meters high. The dome from inside measures 119 metres. It has a capacity of 60000. The silver-blue dome of the basilica dominates the scene. It gives you the feeling of the absolute and infinite once you stand at the St. Peters square and admire its beauties.
At the end of the immense central nave, you can see a bronze Baldacchino. It covers the high altar. It is 29 metres. Did you know that to get the bronze material fr it the recycled bronze decoration and plates from Pantheon:)?
There is another beautiful sculpture here inside St. Peter’s Basilica. You can find it in the first chapel of the right nave. The famous Italian artist Michelangelo sculpted it in 1499. It celebrates the scene of the eternally young Mother and her dead Son who is leaning down in her arms.
The Holy Door
This magnificent door open only once in 25 years at the beginning of the Holy year It took ist place on the far right. On Christmas Eve, the Pope, according to a special ritual. He makes a solemn procession to this door. After a triple genuflection and three strokes of a hammer, they remove the wall, The pope is the first to cross the threshold and enter St. Peter’s Basilica. At the end of the Holy Year, the door is re-closed with a solemn ceremony.
The access to the Dome is via the right side of the portico of St. Peter’s Basilica. The first part of the ascent can be made by foot or elevator. It is up to if you are too lazy or tired from all day walking in Rome. You can pay a little more and use the lift instead of climbing up the steps:)! The view from the balustrade is simply amazing. The last part f the climb goes between the two vaults which make up to the dome. A circular balcony from the lantern looks out onto the unforgettable panorama f the Eternal City.
St. Peters Square
The Colonnade is probably Bernini’s most beautiful work. It forms the solemn entrance to St. Peter’s Basilica and to the Vatican. The two great open semicircular wings give you the feeling like they were outstretched arms f the church. It feels like these arms were receiving all of mankind in one universal embrace. Bernini also designed the 140 statues of saints which decorate the colonnade
Urbi et Orbi
In the middle of the square, there is an obelisk. Pope Sixtus V chose Domenico Fontana to oversee the erection of it. The obelisk measures more than 25 metres in height. They brought it here from
the nearby ruins of the Circus of Nero. The two fountains in the square harmonize beautifully with the vast square. From the square, you can also see the famous balcony. Its name is the Loggia of the Benediction. It is the balcony above the central entrance to St. Peter’s Basilica. From this balcony, they proclaim the election of a new pope. It is also from here that the pope delivers his first blessings “Urbi et Orbi”. In translation, it means to the city and to the world.
This place has unforgettable impressions every time you come here. The magic vibe of the place gets even stronger after dark. All the landscape is beautifully lit up and you can enjoy it here with fewer people around you. Let us take you here on our tour at night and we will give you enough time for strong photos St. Peters Basilica by night:)!