One of the most majestic and most important Christian buildings in the world. Symbol of Vatican and the Church as such. The basilica’s dome is 137 meters high, and its inner surface occupies 15,160 square meters. The magnificence of this building takes the breath away for incoming visitors. The church itself has 45 altars and 390 life-size sculptures. The construction of the basilica took place between 1505 and 1629 and was conducted by 11 major architects. The last stage took place in the early Baroque style under the direction of Italian architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He also expanded St. Peter’s Square in front of the church and thus highlighted its facade which further elevated its impressiveness. The colonnade itself, which surrounds the square, was completed in 1666.