The smallest country in the world by population and also by area takes it to place in Rome on the left side of the Tiber. It has been the residence of the popes since 1377. Thousands of tourists come here daily to admire its beauties and secrets. Don’t worry you won’t need your passport to enter this country. On our tour, none will check us when crossing the boarders:)!
The Vatican hill
In Roman times, the Vatican hill wasn’t a part of the city. Furthermore, the place had been considered inhospitable for centuries. Agrippina, the mother of Nero, transformed it later into beautiful gardens. Nero itself, who came here quite often, also worked on making this hill look a better place. The obelisk in the middle of the St. Peter’s square has been here since ancient Rome. It was a part of a circus, which was built here by emperor Caligula.
The Apostle Peter
Why is this place so important for Catholics? Romans crucified here the Apostle Peter in 67 AD. The also buried him here in an anonymous grave. This process gave this place eternal importance and significance for all the catholic believer until these days.
More than two hundred years later Christianity became the state religion. It was Emperor Constantine who officially declared it. He also built a magnificent basilica at the base of the Vatican hill. Of course, it still didn’t look like the basilica we admire today.
A state itself
The Vatican has been an independent state since 1929 when they signed the famous Lateran Treaty. It resolved the “Roman issue” between the Church as an institution and the Italian state.
The St. Peter’s basilica
Probably the most famous catholic building in the world takes its place in St. Perter’s square. Two monumental colonnades surround the square. The scene for the pilgrims who come to the Vatican must be truly breathtaking. Let’s admit that is is quite amazing also for these who didn’t come because of their faith:)!
Did you notice the little white carriage in the left part of St. Peter’s square? It is the Vatican’s post office. If you send a letter or a postcard from here they will stamp it with official Vatican’s stamp. For the reason that it is quite rare, many tourists send the letters to their addresses:)!
The Vatican city is protected by Swiss guards. They are here since 1506. To become one of the guards you must be Swiss catholic. You can’t be younger than 19 and not older than 30. Minimum height of the soldiers is 175 centimetres. Their uniforms look like from an old theatre play. You can see them guarding almost all main entrances and also important places inside the state.
The Vatican Museums
An enormous collection of paintings, statues and other historical objects. To absorb all the facts and beauties of this place you would have to stay there at least for a week. It takes place in many historical rooms which are amazing for its decorations itself. When you come here in high tourist season be prepared to be swallowed by crowds of tourists who came here for the same reasons as you:).
Lights of the Vatican
It is worth coming here also when it gets dark. The whole square is beautifully lit up. The lights make an even better impression on you. We are sure you won’t ever forget this view! Let’s enjoy the night vibe of the place on Segways with us:).