In the heart of Rome, there is an independent country the Vatican City. The center of the Christian religion and the home of the Pope, the head of the Church, a place surrounded by many mysteries and secrets. The Vatican, as a state, was not established until 1929 on the basis of the Lateran treaty signed by Cardinal Pietro Gasparri and then Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini. It is the smallest state in the world in terms of size and population. The Vatican is surrounded by massive walls and the Swiss Guards care for its security. Besides the St. Peter’s Basilica you can also visit the Vatican Museums full of historic non-quantifiable artifacts, the Sistine Chapel with breathtaking frescoes painted by Michelangelo and Rafaello or the Vatican Gardens (upon prior reservation) and the Vatican Apostolic Library. The Vatican attracts millions of visitors every year. Seeing the Pope speaking to believers from the windows of his suite is an experience that you will remember for the rest of your life.